Socio-Demographic Correlates of Overweight and Obesity among Women of Reproductive Age in Nigeria

  • Mathew Okoh


The prevalence of excess adiposity is increasing in less developed countries. This study explored the associations of socio-demographic factors with increased BMI among Nigeria women aged 20-49 years using secondary data collected for the 2008 NDHS. Anthropometric and socio-demographic variables of interest were extracted from the data and analyzed with SPSS version 15.0. X2 Was used to compare categorical variables and multi-nominal logistic regression was used to examine for correlates. The prevalence of overweight (BMI 25 to 29.9kg/m2) and obesity (BMI 30kg/m2 and above) in this population were 18.1% and 7.1% respectively. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was highest among Igbo women. Multivariable logistic regression revealed increased frequency of watching television, belonging to a particular ethnic group, having a tertiary education and increased parity as risk factors for increased BMI. This study confirms a high prevalence of overweight and obesity among Nigerian women and identifies high risk groups for excessive weight gain.

Keywords: Obesity, correlates, women, reproductive age, Nigeria

(Afr J Reprod Health 2013; 17[4]: 66-76)

Author Biography

Mathew Okoh
Ipas Nigeria, 10 Gimbiya Street, 2nd Floor, Area 11 Garki Abuja, Nigeria

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1118-4841