Determinants of tuberculosis services acceptance among patients in Ibadan, Nigeria
The paper examined the effects of religion, educational status and stigmatization on acceptance of tuberculosis services in government hospitals in Oyo State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted. The population consisted of three 300 tuberculosis patients attending a government chest hospital in Jericho, Ibadan. Purposive sampling method was used to select the respondents for the study. A structured questionnaire duly scrutinized and validated by experts in the field of health and medical social work was used. A reliability value of r=0.71 was obtained. Data collected were coded and analyzed with the use of frequency counts, percentages and Pearson correlation statistical method. The result of the study showed that stigmatization did not have any significant relationship on acceptance of tuberculosis services (r=0.001, n=300, P>0.05). Also, the finding revealed that there was a significant relationship between religion and acceptance of tuberculosis services (r=590, n=300, p<0.05) and there was a significant relationship between the level of education and acceptance of tuberculosis services (r=.253, n=300, p<0.05). It was recommended that tuberculosis education should form an essential part of social work, health education and health promotion curriculum. Also, there is the need for stakeholders to participate fully in the campaign to eradicate tuberculosis. Tuberculosis patients should be motivated to accept modern and free tuberculosis health services in Nigeria.
Key Terms: Tuberculosis infection, Acceptance of services, Education, Religion, Stigmatization