Challenges and opportunities of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Binga District, Zimbabwe
The study examined the challenges and opportunities of information and communication technology in rural Binga and its implication on community development. The paper adopted qualitative approach using observations and in-depth interview guides to collect data from 20 participants. The findings revealed that the community members travelled long distances to access the networks amid the dangerous wild animals. They also, lacked access to basic information like weather forecasts and early warning of disasters. Despite the challenges, this study revealed some opportunities which can be exploited such as information gathering and dissemination both in local and global communication, creating a virtually paperless working environment, communication industry sustainability, availability of network boosters that enables to improve network access in rural areas. The study concluded that the rural communities need to have signal boosters installed in order to advance the rural communities development, technology industries and provide access to networks that will enable ease of communication. The study recommends the need for communication network companies to provide network to the marginalised communities to improve accessibility and spearhead rural sustainability.
Keywords: Information Communication Technology (ICT); community development; communication network; Binga; Zimbabwe