Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of different plants extracts against Staphylococcus aureus isolated from soccer player’s shoes and knowledge and applications about foot hygiene of the soccer players
Background: Microorganisms most commonly attack the feet. Bacteria have an easier entry into the athlete’s epidermis. Staphylococcus aureus, commonly found on the skin or in the nose. The purpose of the study was to research the lack of knowledge on the antibacterial and antioxidant effects of different plants extracts and to report existing knowledge on hygiene of sports equipment and that of soccer players.
Materials and Methods: The bacteria were isolated from soccer player’s shoes (n=28) from Balıkesir Spor soccer team after the competition. Additionally, ten plants were collected from Mugla, Hatay, and Hakkari in Turkey. In antibacterial activity studies, the plant materials were tested by disc diffusion assay. Furthermore, the different plants extracts were studied by ABTS decolourization assay.
Results: The highest antibacterial activity was shown on S. aureus- BFT2 (22 mm) for Hypericum perforatum L. subsp. veranese (Schrant) H. Lindb. The different extracts possessed antibacterial activity, and showed MIC effect at 812.5 μg/mL. The antioxidant activities by ABTS assay were in the order of Arbutus andrachne (flower) > Arbutus andrachne (leaf) > Anthemis sp. (flower) > Crepis sancta L. (leaf) > Allium sphaerocephalon (root) > Plantago major (leaf) > Lavandula steochas (flower) > Anthemis sp. (flower) > Urtica dioica (leaf) > Lavandula steochas (leaf) > Anthemis sp. (leaf) > Hypericum perforatum L. subsp. veranese (Schrant) H. Lindb (flower) > Anthemis chia L. (leaf).
Conclusion: Different plant extracts have antimicrobial and antioxidant potential.
Key words: Soccer player, hygiene, Staphylococcus aureus, medicinal plant, antibacterial, antioxidant
Copyright: Creative Commons Attribution CC.
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