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Background: Pollen Typhae total flavone (PTF), the extract from Pollen Typhae, a Chinese herbal medicine, has been reported to improve insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats, but the potential mechanisms keep unclear.
Materials and Methods: Type 2 diabetic model rats were induced by high-fat diet and low-dose streptozotocin, and then were administered PTF by intragastrical gavage. After treatment for 4 weeks, insulin receptor-β level in adipose tissues was determined by ELISA, and the protein expression was analyzed by western blotting.
Results: Administration of PTF increased insulin receptor-β level and enhanced β-arrestin-2 protein expression in adipose tissues of type 2 diabetic rats. Although having no effect on the protein expression of Src or Akt, PTF promoted phosphorylation of Src at Tyr416 and Akt at Ser473.
Conclusion: The results indicate that PTF has beneficial effects on the β-arrestin-2/Src/Akt signaling in adipose tissues of type 2 diabetic rats, implying the underlying mechanisms of PTF in ameliorating insulin resistance.
Key words: Chinese medicine, type 2 diabetes, signal transduction, insulin resistance, β-arrestin-2