Evaluation the expression of three genes to epithelial ovarian cancer risk in Chinese population

  • Ju Huang
  • Hao Lin
  • Ming En Lin
Keywords: SDF-1, Expression, Gene, Ovarian cancers

Abstract

Background: Ovarian cancer is associated with poor survival, because patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage of the disease, and in addition, tumors develop chemoresistance, which carries a poor prognosis for the patient.
Material and methods: We hypothesize that high expression of SDF-1, survivin and smac is associated with ovarian cancers development and could be used as a biomarker to identify this disease. The expressions of SDF-1, survivin and smac in normal ovarian (NO) tissue, benign tumor (BT) tissue and epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) tissue were immunohistochemically analysed.
Results: Positive expressions of SDF-1, survivin and smac were significantly higher in EOC tissue than those in NO and BT tissues. SDF-1 expressions were  significantly more weaker in advanced ovarian carcinomas  (FIGO stage III–IV), and in high-grade carcinomas. There was a positive correlation between EOC patients with lymph node metastasis and with ascites and SDF-1 positivity (P < 0.05). Survivin expressions were significantly more stronger in advanced ovarian carcinomas (FIGO stage III–IV), and in high-grade carcinomas. There was a positive correlation between EOC patients with lymph node metastasis and with ascites and surviving positivity (P < 0.05). Smac expressions were significantly more stronger in advanced ovarian carcinomas (FIGO stage III–IV), and in high-grade carcinomas. There was a positive correlation between EOC patients with lymph node metastasis and with ascites and smac positivity (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: These results indicate that SDF-1, surviving and smac are closely associated with EOC metastasis.


Key words: SDF-1, Expression, Gene, Ovarian cancers

Published
2016-09-06
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 0189-6016