Effect of triptolide on proliferation and apoptosis of angiotensin II-induced cardiac fibroblasts in vitro: a preliminary study
Background: The effect of triptolide (TPL) on cardiac fibroblasts (CFbs) and cardiac fibrosis remain unknown till now. This study was conducted to explore the effects of TPL on proliferation and apoptosis of angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced CFbs.
Materials and Methods: Ang II was used to promote proliferation of CFbs. Two dosages of TPL (10ng/ml and 100ng/ml) were chosen. MTT assay was used to detect cell survival rate in vitro. Flow cytometer was performed to analyze apoptosis of CFbs. Hydroxyproline concentration was detected with hydroxyproline assay kit. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 mRNA.
Results: Ang II promoted CFbs proliferation significantly. Compared to Ang II group, TPL markedly reduced the viability of CFbs and its Hydroxyproline concentration (P<0.05). Besides, TPL can significantly promote apoptosis of CFbs (P<0.05). Furthermore, TPL reduced the expressions of TGF-β1 and Smad3 mRNA in Ang II-induced CFbs (P<0.05).
Conclusion: TPL can inhibit the proliferation of CFbs in rats by down-regulating TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling pathway. TPL might be a promising therapeutic drug for myocardial fibrosis.
Keywords: Cardiac fibroblast; triptolide; proliferation; apoptosis; angiotensin
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