Reducing toxicity and increasing efficiency: aconitine with liquiritin and glycyrrhetinic acid regulate calcium regulatory proteins in rat myocardial cell

  • Yuyan Zhang
  • Li Yu
  • Weifeng Jin
  • Hongjing Fan
  • Min Li
  • Tianmei Zhou
  • Haitong Wan
  • Jiehong Yang
Keywords: Aconitine, Liquiritin, Glycyrrhetinic Acid, myocardial cell, calcium regulatory

Abstract

Background: Compatibility of Radix Aconiti Carmichaeli and Liquorice is known to treat heart diseases such as heart failure and cardiac arrhythmias. This work answers the question that whether the active components (Aconitine, Liquiritin and Glycyrrhetinic Acid) of Radix Aconiti Carmichaeli and Liquorice could result in regulating intracellular calcium homeostasis and calcium cycling, and thereby verifies the therapeutic material basis.

Materials and Methods: The myocardial cells were divided into twelve groups randomly as control group, Aconitine group, nine different dose groups that orthogonal combined with Aconitine, Liquiritin and Glycyrrhetinic Acid, and Verapamil group. The myocardial cellular survival rate and morphology were assessed. The expression of calcium regulation protein(RyR2、NCX1、DHPR-a1) in the myocardial cell by Western-blotting.

Results: The results exhibited that Aconitine (120 uM) significantly damaged on myocardial cell, decreased the survival rate and expression of Na+/Ca2+ exchangers (NCX1) and dihydropteridine reducta-α1 (DHPR-a1), and increased the expression of ryanodine receptor type2 (RyR2) obviously. The compatibility groups (Aconitine, Liquiritin and Glycyrrhetinic Acid) all could against the damage on the myocardial cell by Aconitine at different levels.

Conclusion: Aconitine with Liquiritin and Glycyrrhetinic Acid may regulate the expression of calcium-regulated proteins to protect myocardial cells from damage.

Keywords: Aconitine, Liquiritin, Glycyrrhetinic Acid, myocardial cell, calcium regulatory

Published
2017-08-03
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 0189-6016