Day case endourology in surgical outpatient clinic at Ibadan: A 5 year review
Keywords: Day case endourology, Caudal anaesthesia
AbstractObjective: To review our day case endourological practice over a five-year period.
Subjects and methods: Data was obtained from the endourology day case register and these were analysed using simple statistical methods. Caudal anaesthesia and intravenous sedatives were used for the procedures.
Results: A total of 559 patients underwent endoscopic procedures as day cases. Their ages ranged from 10 to 88 years, with a male to female ratio of 4 to 1. Four hundred and thirty eight (78.4%) were diagnostic and 121 (21.6%) were therapeutic. The main diagnostic procedures were urethrocystoscopy (n = 222), and cystoscopy alone (n = 116), cystoscopy and biopsy (n = 46) while the therapeutic procedures were direct visual internal urethrotomy (n = 86), endoscopic cystolitholapaxy (n = 10), and rigid retrograde endoscopic realignment (n = 7) for posterior urethral injury. The main anaesthesia was caudal block in 472 patients and topical 2% xylocaine jelly with sedation in 86 patients.
Conclusions: There is a steady increase in therapeutic day case endourology. Caudal anaesthesia provides effective pain free procedure to the patient. Surgical trainees can benefit by learning the technique of caudal block anaesthesia.
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