Adverse Effects of Waste Generation in Calabar Urban, Nigeria
The phenomenal increase in the volume and range of solid wastes generated daily in Nigerian cities is overwhelming and their management by environmental health workers has failed to keep pace with demand. In this study, we determined the adverse effects of wastes on an urban environment. A research question and hypothesis were formulated to guide the study in which a survey research design was used based on 13 item questionnaires administered to a sample of 97 respondents [industrial and environmental health workers] who are the major stake holders in waste management. There was no significant difference between the working groups in their perception of the adverse effects of wastes, except as it concerned death, birth defect or cancer, environmental degradation, blocking of drainage and emission of greenhouse gases. We found a number of health hazards, ranging from pollution to diseases on both human and animals. Thus, a thorough re-orientation and reorganization of solid management scheme in Calabar urban is recommended. This will involve increased funding, education and appropriate legislation on waste disposal.
Key words: Management, Waste generation; Calabar Urban; Environment, health implications.