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Annals of Nigerian Medicine

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Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus among antenatal attendees at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

Benjamin Howe Nongo, Teddy Eyaofun Agida, Ufuoma Oghenebuk, Tahir Yunusa

Abstract


Background: Pregnant women infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) can transmit the infection to their fetuses and newborns. Despite the above, screening of antenatal attendees is not yet done as a routine in many Nigerian Hospitals that offer antenatal services, inclusive of University of Abuja Teaching Hospital.

Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the seroprevalence of HBV infection among antenatal attendees at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross‑sectional study of 200 consecutive antenatal attendees at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital. Rapid Test; Quick profile™; by Lumiquick Diagnostics: Santa Clara, California, USA, was used. All materials and specimen (plasma) were brought to room temperature.

Results: The seroprevalence of HBV among antenatal attendee was 7.0%.

Conclusion: The prevalence of HBV among antenatal attendees at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, is on the high side. It is hereby recommended that routine screening for hepatitis B surface antigen should be offered to all antenatal clinic attendees.

Keywords: Abuja, hepatitis B, Nigeria, pregnancy, seroprevalence




http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0331-3131.206213
AJOL African Journals Online