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Blood and serum biochemistry of omentopexed West African Dwarf (WAD) goats following peritoneum sutured and not sutured laparotomy

JA Onah, CA Eze, PE Aba, CO Ukwueze, R Ifeoma

Abstract


This study investigated the blood and serum biochemistry following peritoneum sutured and not sutured techniques of laparotomy sutures in omentopexed WAD goats. Twentyfive male WAD goats were randomly divided into 5 groups (A – E). In group A, peritoneum was not sutured, while in group B, the peritoneum was sutured alongside with muscle layers. In groups C and D, omentopexy was performed and the laparotomy sutured as in groups B and A, respectively while, group E was the normal control. There was a significant (p<0.05) decrease in mean packed cell volume (PCV) (%) and red blood cell (RBC) (x106ìl) counts in all the surgery groups (A, B, C and D) but persisted only in group D till the end of the study - post surgery day (PSD) (day 14) when compared to the control group (E). There was a significant (p<0.05) increase in mean total WBC
(x103/µl), neutrophil (x103/µl) and lymphocyte (x103/µl) counts in all the surgery groups but persisted only in group D to PSD, when compared to pre-surgery values (PSV) (day 0). The increases in mean total protein (g/dl) and mean albumin (g/dl) in groups A and B were significant (p<0.05) in group B goats only on PSD 2 while the significant (p<0.05) decreases in these values in group C (peritoneum sutured with  omentopexy) and D (peritoneum not sutured with omentopexy) were significant (p<0.05) only in goats in group D from 10 to 14 PSD, when compared to PSV. The significant (p<0.05) increase in mean blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (mg/dl) in groups A and B persisted till the end of the study, while the significant (p<0.05) increase in mean BUN of goats in groups C and D, creatinine (mg/dl) and serum AST (iµ/dl) of goats in all the surgery groups returned to the PSV within the period of the study.

Keywords: Suture techniques, Biochemical, Haematological changes, West African dwarf goats




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