Animal Research International

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Retrospective Analysis Of Disease Conditions Among Reproductive Domestic Ruminants In Sokoto, Nigeria

MA Umaru, AA Adeyeye, A Abubakar, HS Garba


A fteen-year (1991 – 2005) study of reproductve cases in animals presented to the Usmanu Danfodio University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, were analyzed based on species, disease condition and sex using clinical case files of Sheep, goat and cattle. Within the study period a total of 88 reproductive cases were handed out of which 53 (57.95 %) occurred in sheep, 32(36.36 %) goat and 5(5.68 %) cattle. Dystocia 23(26.13 %), Pregnancy toxaemia 11(12.50 %), mastitis 9(10.23 %), castraton 5(5.68 %) and orchitis 3(3.41 %) were the diseases recorded. Reproductive cases were higher in females 77(87.5 %) than inmales 11(125 %). From the studyreproductive cases were most prevalent in sheep than in goats and cattle.

Keywords: Livestock reproduction, Sheep, Goat, Cattle, Dystocia, Pregnancy toxaemia, Mastitis
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