Epidemiological survey of canine babesiosis in Makurdi, Nigeria

  • EA Omudu
  • BO Atu
  • J Ayashar


The prevalence of Babesia canis and their tck vectors was investgated in Makurd 108 dogs were screened for Babesia canis and 208 dogs were examined for tick ectoparasites. 10.2 % o the dogswere positive for Babesia canis infecton. Chi square analysis showed no significant difference in infection rates in male and female dogs (X2 = 2.579, df = 1, P > 005). 75.9 % of dogs examined for ticks were infested with either Rhipicephalus, Boophilus and Amblyomma species or combination ofthe three. The paws were the most preferred site of attachmentfor the tcks. 126 (79.6 %) of the 158 inested dogs had ticks on the paw (X2 = 10.388, df = 4, P > 005). The publc health implications of these findings especially as relates to the increasing incidence and prevalence of dog borne zoonotic infections are discussed.

Keywords: Babesia canis, Ticks, Public health risk


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eISSN: 1597-3115