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Seasonal variations and contributions of cassava to the nutrient intakes of rural farm households

EK Ngwu


Nutritional assessment of 72 subjects from randomly selected 34 rural farm households of Ohosu community in Edo State, Nigeria was done using anthropometric measurements of weight and height. A four day weighed food intake study was carried out in the months of August (S1), November (S2), February (S3), and May (S4) 1998 - 1999. Analysis of weight for height compared with standards for children and adults showed that 52.78% of the subjects were wasted. The nutrient intakes were below the FAO/WHO requirement values for over 80% of the subjects. The most wide - spread nutrient deficiencies were protein, thiamin and riboflavin. Vitamin A intake was adequate for over 95% of the subjects. Cassava products were consumed by 99% -100% of the subjects in any one day of the seasons. Cassava was the major source of nutrients in their diets. It contributed between 6% and 23% of the daily nutrient intake. The energy intake of women (155.6% of requirement) aged 31-40 years was significantly higher in S1 than in all the other seasons (LSD. 05 = 51.84).

Key words: Nutrient intake, seasonal variation, farm households, cassava, supplementary foods.

Agro-Science Vol.2(2) 2001: 81-88
AJOL African Journals Online