ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology

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Sanitation health risk and safety planning in urban residential neighbourhoods

B. Bwala Haruna, Victor lstifanus, Ahmad Muh'd lsa


The aim of this review paper was to determine the best sanitation health risk and safety planning approach for sustainable management of urban environment. This was achieved by reviewing the concept of sanitation safety planning as a tool. The review adopted exploratory research approach and used secondary data obtained from various sources to reach its conclusion. The findings reveal that, multiple approaches are required to reduce health risks associated with sanitation. It is concluded that sustainable sanitation safety planning is imperative in every developing nation's urban neighborhood. It is therefore recommended that sanitation standards should be set through consultative process; and monitoring should be participatory and multi-dimensional in approach.

Keywords: Health Risk, Safety Planning, Sanitation, and Sustainable Development

AJOL African Journals Online