Finite element model to study two dimensional unsteady state calcium distribution in cardiac myocytes

  • Kunal Pathak
  • Neeru Adlakha
Keywords: Cardiac myocytes, Reaction diffusion equation, Excess buffer, Finite element method


The calcium signaling plays a crucial role in expansion and contraction of cardiac myocytes. This calcium signaling is achieved by calcium diffusion, buffering  mechanisms and influx in cardiac myocytes. The various calcium distribution patterns required for achieving calcium signaling in myocytes are still not well understood. In this paper an attempt has been made to develop a model of calcium distribution in myocytes incorporating diffusion of calcium, point source and excess buffer  approximation. The model has been developed for a two dimensional unsteady state case. Appropriate boundary conditions and initial condition have been framed. The finite element method has been employed to obtain the solution. The numerical results have been used to study the effect of buffers and source amplitude on calcium distribution in myocytes.

Keywords: Cardiac myocytes; Reaction diffusion equation; Excess buffer; Finite element method


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2090-2948
print ISSN: 1110-0834