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The efficacy of enhanced recovery protocol from anesthesia in diabetic patients undergoing radical cystectomy

Ramadan Abd El Azim Ammar
Emad El Din Abd El Menem Areda
Ahmed Abd El Aziz El Abbady
Mina Wadieh Halim


Background: Prevalence of diabetes in surgical patients is 10–40%. They have higher incidence of complications, and longer stay in hospital compared to non-diabetic. Radical cystectomy with urinary diversion is considered one of the high-risk surgeries associated with morbidity and mortality. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is an evidence-based multimodal surgical care protocol that improves post-operative outcomes and length of stay (LOS) in patients without diabetes. This study evaluates the evidence on whether diabetic patientswould benefit from ERAS pathway.
The aim of the study: was to evaluate the efficacy of ERAS protocol from anesthesia in diabetic patients undergoing radical cystectomy.
Patients and methods: This study was carried out in Alexandria main University Hospital on fifty-four adult ASA physical status I, II and III participants of either sex. Participants were scheduled for radical cystectomy surgeries under the effect of general anesthesia, following ERAS protocol, divided into two group diabetic and non-diabetic27 participants each. The ICON device was used to measure the stroke volume variation (SVV) to apply goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) for all patients.
Measurements: Demographic data, hemodynamic parameters (stoke volume, cardiac index), intra-operative fluid requirement, blood loss, postoperative pain intensity, time of first bowel movement, PH, Bicarbonate level, serum lactate level, heamatocrit and LOS were measured and recorded.
Main results: No statistical significant difference was detected between both groups as regard age, sex, weight, vital signs, serum lactate, first bowel movement and VAS. There was statistical significant difference between both groups as regard fluid requirement, and the days of hospital stay.
Conclusion: ERAS is a beneficial protocol to improve postoperative outcome in radical cystectomy surgeries, it can be used in diabetic patients to decrease postoperative morbidity and mortality.