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Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa

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Seroprevalence of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in Plateau state, North-central Nigeria

P I Ankeli, MA Raji, HM Kazeem, FM Tambuwal, MI Francis, LT Ikpa, IO Fagbamila, PD Luka, ND Nwankpa

Abstract


This survey was undertaken to establish the prevalence of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in Plateau State, Nigeria by screening 528 cattle for Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides (Mmm) antibodies using competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (c-ELISA). Sera samples were collected from 6 randomly selected local government areas (LGAs) of the State over a 14-month period (May, 2013 – June, 2014). Results showed an overall CBPP seroprevalence of 14.39% for the State. Antibodies to Mmm were detected in all the LGAs sampled with prevalence ranging from 7.50% to 31.58%, indicating a significant association (P<0.05). Seasons (P<0.05, χ2=34.00) and sample collection points (P<0.05, χ2=8.848) were also significantly associated with the seroprevalence of CBPP. There was however, no significant association (P>0.05, χ2=0.47) between the sex of cattle and seroprevalence of CBPP. This study confirms that CBPP is widespread, and the findings could serve as a baseline for initiation of effective control programmes against the disease to improve cattle health and production in the State.

Key words: Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, seroprevalence, Plateau State.




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