Evaluation of thermal- nuclear effects from pair-creation in the final fate very-massive stars

  • L. Garba
  • E. A. Chidi
  • F.S. Koki
Keywords: equation of state-instabilities- stars: evolution-stars: massive

Abstract

Thermonuclear conditions found in explosive massive-stars requirethe use of not only efficient, accurate but thermodynamically consistent stellar equation of state (EOS) routines.The use of tables to describe EoS involved in stellar models is very much needed in understanding the final fate of massive stars. Many massive-low metallicity stars end their life as pair creation supernova (PCSN) through the creation of electron-positron pairs.We used thermodynamically consistent EoS tables to numerically evaluate the thermonuclear effects of the electron electron-positron pair creation in rotating 150 and 200 Massive starsat SMC and rotating and non-rotating 500 M⊙at LMC.As expected, the effect of rotationofreducing the oxygen core masshad increasedthe thermal energy within the threshold of the pair-creation instability.Similarly, lower mass loss stars with SMC model produced higher thermal energies,which can cmpletely explode the stars as PCSNe without remnant.On the other hand, the non-rotating 500 M⊙ might have only reached the instability region due to its lower metallicity (compared to solar metallicity) that is
capable of suppressing the mass loss such that the thermonuclear energy maintains certain amount of elements into the pair creation region. At the final explosion of the stars, the helium core mass educed the thermal energies in trying to avoid the pair-creation region. Many implications of these results for the evolution and explosion of massive stars are discussed.

Published
2021-12-21
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2006-6996
print ISSN: 2006-6996