Hydrogen effect modeling on Ziegler-Natta catalyst and final product properties in propylene polymerization
Hydrogen, as chain transfer agent, effects on kinetic of propylene polymerization; consequently variation of hydrogen concentration leads to change final product properties and also activates site of used catalyst. This phenomenon is one of the most important process variables is to adjust the final product properties and optimize the operating conditions. This work has attempted to present a mathematical model that cable to calculate the most important indices of end used product, such as melt flow index, number and weight average molecular weight and poly dispersity index. The model can predict profile polymerization rates determining important kinetic parameters such as the activation energy, lumped deactivation reaction initial reaction rate and deactivation constant. The mathematical model was implemented in Matlab/Simulink environment for slurry polymerization in laboratory scale. The modeling approach is based on polymer moment balance method in the slurry semi-batch reactor. In addition, in this work have provided a model that calculating fraction activated sites catalyst via hydrogen concentration. The model was validated by experimental data from lab scale, reactor. The experimental and model outputs were compared; consequently, the errors were within acceptable range.
KEY WORDS: Mathematical modeling, Propylene polymerization, Kinetics study, Hydrogen response, population balance
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(2), 371-386.