Antibacterial activity studies of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with Mannich base ligand
ABSTRACT. A Mannich base ligand (L) was prepared by reacting 2-mercaptobenzimidazole, diphenylamine and benzaldehyde. This ligand (L) was further used for the preparation of four metal complexes with Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions. The reactions were monitored by TLC. The synthesized compounds were structurally characterized using FTIR spectroscopy, UV-Visible spectroscopy, 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, ICP-OES/atomic absorption spectroscopy. It has been observed that the ligand (L) behaved in a monoanionic bidentate mode and the geometry of resulting complexes was tetrahedral. Conductivity analysis revealed their non-electrolytic nature. Antibacterial activity of the synthesized compounds was assessed through an agar well diffusion method against four strains of Gram-negative bacteria. L-Zn(II) complex showed best activity at all four concentrations against the four strains of Gram-negative bacteria.
KEY WORDS: Metal complexes, Mannich bases, 2-Mercaptobenzimidazole, Antibacterial activity
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2019, 33(3), 485-492.