Levels of selected metals in teff grain samples collected from three different areas of Ethiopia by microwave plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy
The levels of selected essential and non-essential metals in the white, red, and mixed teff grains collected from Bure, Debre Markos and Bahir Dar (Ethiopia) were determined by microwave plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (MP-AES). After proper sample pretreatment, the powdered teff was wet digested with the acid mixture (5 mL HNO3:1 mL HClO4) at 240 oC for 2:30 h over Kjeldhal digestion block. The accuracy of the optimized procedure was evaluated by analyzing the digest of the spiked samples with a standard solution of metals, and the percentage recoveries varied from 92% to 104%. The mean concentrations of metals determined (mg/kg, dry weight) were in the ranges of Al (713-1513) > Fe (252-1195) > Ca (233-348) > Zn (69-102) > Mn (20-45) > Cu (13-15) > Pb (1.8-2.8) > Cd (0.8-1.8). In this study, Al and Cd were determined in the teff for the first time. Analysis of variance indicated no significant difference between the mean concentrations of Cu and Mn among the white teff samples, Mn among the red teff samples and Cd and Pb among the mixed teff samples, but there was a significant difference for the other studied metals among the corresponding teff samples at 95% confidence level.
KEY WORDS: Teff grain, Eragrostistef (Zucc.) Trotter, Essential metals, Non-essential metals, Ethiopia
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2020, 34(3), 449-462.