DIAGENESIS AND MASS TRANSFER BETWEEN PERMO-TRIASSIC SANDSTONES AND INTERBEDDED MUDSTONES, ULSTER BASIN
AbstractBeds of siltstone, mudstone and shale are interbedded in the Permo-Triassic sandstones of the Ulster Basin, UK, at different stratigraphic levels. The paragenetic sequences of authigenic minerals both in the sandy and fine-grained sediments (mudstones and siltstones) indicate red bed diagenetic trend. Abundant authigenic quartz overgrowths and carbonate crystals observed near the sandstone-siltstone and sandstone-mudstone contacts, indicating that pore water and mass transfer from the fine-grained sediments to sandstone facies. The fine-grained sediments are the main source of ions for the authigenesis of quartz and feldspar overgrowths and carbonate precipitation. Mechanical compaction of fine-grained sediments, influx of gravity-driven acidic meteoric pore water, dehydration water, diffusion and convection are the most important means of mass transfer and pore water circulation. Pore water migration depends upon permeability distribution and pressure difference.
(Received December 8, 2000; revised April 26, 2002)
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2002, 16(1), 9-35.