FAAS DETERMINATION OF THALLIUM AFTER PRECONCENTRATION USING NITROSO-S AND TDBA ONTO BENZOPHENONE
AbstractThallium is quantitatively retained by 2-nitroso-1-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (nitroso-S) and tetradecyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride (TDBA) onto benzophenone in the pH range 10.0-11.5 from large volumes of aqueous solutions of various samples. After filtration, each solid mass consisting of thallium complex and benzophenone is dissolved with 5 mL of dimethylformamide and the metal was determined by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry (FAAS). Eight replicate determinations of 10.0 mg/mL of thallium in final dimethylformamide (DMF) solution gave a mean absorbance of 0.150 with a relative standard deviation of 1.9%. The sensitivity for 1% absorption was 0.293 mg/mL. The method of extraction and preconcentration is economical, rapid, sensitive, highly selective and satisfactory. The interference of a number of anions and cations has been studied and the optimized conditions developed were utilized for the trace determination of thallium in various samples.
KEY WORDS: Flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry, Thallium determination, Nitroso-S, Tetradecyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride (TDBA), Benzophenone
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2005, 19(1), 17-22.