Removal of mercury(II) by tri n-butyl phosphate based supported liquid membrane

  • S. Ayyavoo
  • S. Ramasamy
Keywords: Removal of mercury(II), Tri n-butyl phosphate, Taguchi method,, Supported liquid membrane

Abstract

ABSTRACT. Mercury even at a trace level poses a significant threat to the environment and the ecosystem. Thus, prompting the need to develop a technology to separate mercury(II) selectively from aqueous solutions. The removal of mercury(II) from aqueous solutions using tri n-butyl phosphate (TBP) based supported liquid membrane (SLM) was investigated in this study. HCl and NaOH were used as feed and strip phases, respectively. Factors considered for designing the experiments using the Taguchi method include feed phase acid concentration, strip phase alkali concentration, carrier concentration and initial feed phase mercury(II) concentration. The results indicated that carrier concentration was the most influential factor on the removal efficiency. The percentage contribution of each factor was calculated. The results show that carrier concentration and initial feed phase mercury(II) concentration have a maximum contribution. For the maximum removal of 91.7% of mercury(II) (initial concentration - 10 mg/L) in the feed phase, the optimum conditions were 0.3 M of HCl, 0.2 M of NaOH, and 90% of TBP. SEM analysis was performed to evidence the transportation process through the membrane. The research study indicated the potential use of TBP as a carrier in the SLM system for the selective separation of mercury in trace concentration.

                   

KEY WORDS: Removal of mercury(II), Tri n-butyl phosphate, Taguchi method, Supported liquid membrane

 

Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(2), 273-286.

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i2.5

Published
2021-10-24
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1726-801X
print ISSN: 1011-3924