Monitoring of sulfur dioxide in the guinea savanna zone of Nigeria: implications of the atmospheric photochemistry

  • AMO Abdul Raheem
  • FA Adekola
  • IB Obioh
Keywords: Atmospheric photochemistry, Sulfur dioxide, Air pollution, Monitoring, Assessment


The level of sulfur(IV) oxide (SO2) in the tropospheric environment of Ilorin is presented using three urban classes and a control site from 2003-2006 wet and dry seasons. The mean concentrations over the years during wet and dry seasons were 1.29 ± 0.17 and 7.17 ± 0.87 (ppb), respectively. The wet season concentration was 15.25% lower than the dry season due to rain attenuation. The mean values at the control site for two seasons were one order of magnitude lower than those in the urban sites. The overall average concentration over Ilorin city was 4.23 ± 0.52 ppb. The value is comparable with other cities of the world and is within the limit of the United State Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Guidelines for Air Quality Standards. SO2 levels were found to varied significantly with vehicular intensity, other anthropogenic activities also decreased drastically during wet season. There was a significant difference (p = 0.05) between SO2 concentration with high and low traffic flow count; however, there was no difference (p = 0.05) between high traffic/medium population and medium traffic/high population density areas. The regression analysis indicated a correlation between SO2 and the hourly traffic volume in almost all the sites.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1726-801X
print ISSN: 1011-3924