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Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia

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Light alkane (mixed feed) selective dehydrogenation using bi-metallic zeolite supported catalyst

Z Nawaz, Q Shu, S Naveed, F Wei

Abstract


Light alkanes are the important intermediates of many refinery processes and their catalytic dehydrogenation gives corresponding alkenes. The aim behind this experimentation is to investigate reaction behavior of mixed alkanes during direct catalytic dehydrogenation and emphasis has been given to enhance propene. Bi-metallic zeolite supported catalyst Pt-Sn/ZSM-5 was prepared by sequentional impregnation method and characterized by BET, EDS and XRD. Direct dehydrogenation reaction is highly endothermic and its conversion is thermodynamically limited. Results showed that the increase in temperature increases the conversion to some extent but there is no overall effect on selectivity of propene. Increase in time-on-stream (TOS) remarkably improves propene selectivity at the expense of lower conversion. The performances of bimetallic zeolite based catalyst largely affected by coke deposition. The presence of butane and ethane adversely affected propane conversion. Optimum propene selectivity is about 48 %, obtained at 600 oC and time-on-stream 10 h.



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v23i3.47667
AJOL African Journals Online