Heavy metals burden in Kidney and heart tissues of Scarus ghobban fish from the eastern province of Saudi Arabia

  • Waqar Ashraf Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, P.O. Box 1664, Al Khobar 31952, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Zahid Nazeer Center for Environment and Water, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Arabian Gulf, Fish, Kidney and heart tissue, Heavy metals


Levels of selected heavy metals (Pb, Co, Cu, Ni, Zn, Mn and Cd) in the heart and kidney tissues of parrot fish, collected from the Arabian Gulf, Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, were determined by wet-digestion based atomic absorption method. The results showed that accumulation pattern of analyzed metals in the kidney tissues followed the order; Zn > Cu > Co > Pb > Ni > Mn > Cd. In the heart tissue the analyzed metals followed similar pattern of metal accumulation. The average Pb (0.85 ± 0.50 ppm), Cd (0.12 ± 0.07 ppm), Ni (0.92 ± 0.35 ppm) and Mn (0.86 ± 0.43 ppm) were significantly lower in the heart tissue whereas Zn (26.4 ± 12.9 ppm) and Cu (3.29 ± 2.18 ppm) were higher in the kidney tissues. In general, the data indicated that marine fish from the sampling site of the Arabian Gulf contain relatively less burden of heavy metals in their tissues.

KEY WORDS: Arabian Gulf, Fish, Kidney and heart tissue, Heavy metals

Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2010, 24(1), 139-143.


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eISSN: 1726-801X
print ISSN: 1011-3924