Main Article Content
The impact of sunlight on aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons profiles of Agbabu natural bitumen in Nigeria was investigated. The raw flow type of the bitumen was purified and exposed to sunlight for six consecutive months. Different portions of the bitumen were withdrawn at an interval of one month and were separated into aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon fractions by column chromatography, followed by the GC analyses of various fractions. The total aliphatic hydrocarbon content was found to be 485, 424, 416 and 392 g/kg for control, one, three and six months solar-irradiated bitumen samples, respectively; while the total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons content found in the control, one, three and six months solar-irradiated bitumen samples were 708, 733, 609 and 638 µg/g, respectively. The effects of sunlight on the compositional patterns of bitumen were discussed.
KEY WORDS: Agbabu, Bitumen, Sunlight, GC, Aliphatic hydrocarbon, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2010, 24(3), 461-466.