Ceramic properties of pugu kaolin clays. Part 2: Effect of phase composition on flexural strength

  • Leonard D. Akwilapo Department of Chemistry, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35061, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Kjell Wiik Department of Chemistry, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491, Trondheim, Norway
Keywords: Ceremic properties, Kaolin clay, Flexural strength, Mullitisation, Bulk density, Modulus of Rupture, Microstructure

Abstract

Whiteware compositions prepared using Pugu kaolin and industrial grade quartz and feldspar were studied with respect to varying sintering temperatures. The strength developed was correlated to mullite (3Al2O3.2SiO2) content and the microstructure. It was observed that within the vitrification temperature range, the strength mainly depended on the mullite content and the bulk density. Above the vitrification temperature range the deterioration of the strength is due to the coarsening of mullite needles and bloating.

 

KEY WORDS: Ceremic properties, Kaolin clay, Flexural strength, Mullitisation, Bulk density, Modulus of Rupture, Microstructure

 

 

Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2004, 18(1), 7-16.   

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Articles

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eISSN: 1726-801X
print ISSN: 1011-3924