Diversité des espèces fruitières et contraintes de production des jardins de case des métropoles de la Région de l’Est Cameroun
Diversité des espèces fruitières et contraintes de production
The ever-increasing urbanisation and deforestation in the metropolises of the Eastern region has led to the loss of a great diversity of fruit and even forest species. In view of this difficulty, a study was carried out on diversity of fruit species and production contraints in home gardens in the metropolises of Eastern region of Cameroon. The methodological approach involved snowball sampling through the administration of a semi-structured questionnaire to 189 home gardens in the districts of Mandjou, Bertoua II and Batouri. The results showed a diversity of 15 fruit species corresponding to an abundance of 4126 individuals. The mandarin tree is the most cultivated species (1153 trees). Young trees (<10) are in the majority in Bertoua (55,3%) and Mandjou (60,5%). Seeds are mainly sourced from local markets (73%) and trees maintenance is almost non-existent (86,4%). The most important production contraint is low production (41,6%). This study highlighted the diversity of fruit species and production contraints in home gardens in the East Cameroon region.
Key words : Diversity, fruit species, production contraints, home gardens.