Contemporary Journal of African Studies <p>The <em>Contemporary Journal of African Studies</em>, formerly published as <em>Research Review of the Institute of African Studies</em> (see RRIAS pages here: <a title="/index.php/rrias/index" href="/index.php/rrias/index" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a>) publishes academic and scholarly articles that set forth the findings of new research in any branch of African Studies, or discuss and re-evaluate earlier or current research or publications by an author or authors.</p> Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana en-US Contemporary Journal of African Studies 2343-6530 <p>© Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana, 2013</p><p>The journal content is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution – Non-Commercial, No-Derivates CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.</p> From the Editorial Team (vol 8.1) <p>CJAS Editor-in-Chief Akosua Adomako Ampofo introduces volume 8.1, guest edited by Professor Horace Campbell</p> Akosua Adomako Ampofo Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 iv v 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2. Introduction to the second volume of Nkrumah Festival Papers <p>Prof. Horace Campbell introduces the second volume of Nkrumah Festival Papers</p> Horace Campbell Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 vi vii 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2. Defining and Utilizing Diaspora <p>This article explores a definition and use of diaspora in a way that may engage African post-developmental aspirations. Firstly, the piece presents a clarification and further development of the early conceptualizations of diaspora engaging African and African descended scholars. Then, the article elaborates on not only what the African diaspora is but what it does. Finally, the paper presents a utilization of the African diaspora to assist in mobilizing trans-continental linkages with members in the Global North and increasingly with the Global South in support of their post-development agendas. It provides an understanding of the role of African descendants in an increasingly globalizing world and the arguments of the re-structuring of global geo-political order in the wake of narratives of the rise of Africa and the BRICS nations. The paper presents what can be gained and reconfigured in particular articulations of the African diaspora that seeks to engage post-development.</p> Mario Nisbett Copyright (c) 2022 Contemporary Journal of African Studies 2022-02-15 2022-02-15 8 1 & 2 1 9 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2.1 George Padmore: Engaged Pan-African Activist and Theorist <p>This writer is well aware that ideas and tactics have but a brief shelf-life and what would have been relevant for a particular historical period might not be pertinent for the present moment. Notwithstanding this caveat, this paper seeks to examine whether aspects of George Padmore’s political praxis and his theorization on Pan-Africanism are still relevant. The reader is provided with a brief overview of Padmore’s activities and his achievements, to provide the justification for selecting him above other outstanding Pan-Africanists as a role model for young Pan-Africanists. The article assesses the extent to which his political organizational methods still have validity, lessons to be learnt and pitfalls to evade. It also evaluates Padmore’s theorization on African unification in Pan-Africanism or Communism and his efforts to realize this objective; as well as his conception of Pan-African Socialism as the handmaiden for the United States of Africa. Today, the issue of African unification and socialism are still widely discussed across the African continent and within Pan-African circles outside of Africa, therefore Padmore’s thoughts on these matters merits some interrogation.</p> Rodney Worrell Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 10 20 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2.2 Pan-African Feminism in Britain <p>This chapter critically examines the importance of Pan-African feminist epistemology and activism in the Diaspora. The dynamic impact of defiant struggles for freedom challenges the oppression of women of African descent in triumphant ways. The radical re-construction of identities is necessary for the evolution of their human rights. Qualitative methods are used to interrogate the political consciousness of fifty (50) women of African heritage who are members of Black women’s organizations in Britain. My study investigates the relevance of Pan-African feminism in Britain to global debates and interventions. The significance of international support networks that create new strategic initiatives for positive self-concepts and the improvement of life-chances is evaluated. Independently and collectively women of African ancestry oppose marginalization by the State and systems of education, employment, healthcare, and housing. Respondents’ commitment to coalition politics is evident in their positive opinions about social justice, pride, and integrity. Their celebration of Black nationalism resists the legacies of colonialism. Interviewees take responsibility for the upliftment of their communities. They are determined to overcome power inequalities in order to reaffirm the dignity of African women and girls. My fieldwork explores the ways forward for a Pan-African feminist revolution.<br><br></p> Lovell Marshall Annecka Leolyn Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 21 34 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2.3 The 21st Century and Challenges to the Nkrumah Independence Project <p>Ghana’s historical place in the experience of global decolonisation as being the first British controlled African nation to win formal independence, has given the ideas of Kwame Nkrumah a prominent place in efforts to understand the challenges and possibilities of the post-colonial independence project. One of Nkrumah’s main contributions was his exposure of the mechanics of neo-colonialism in compromising the formal statehood of newly independent states. Given the transformed world-economy and the hegemonic ideology of neo-liberalism which has unfolded several decades after Nkrumah’s earliest reflections, this paper seeks to assess his validity for present efforts at sustaining post-colonial development and sovereignty. The central claim of this paper is that whilst Nkrumah’s warnings against neo-colonialism remain valid, both the specific challenges which he identified as well as the corrective proposals which he offered, have been negated by the new tactics and ideological assumptions of neo-liberal capitalism. The paper offers a balance sheet type assessment of the ongoing relevance of Nkrumah’s ideas, with a view to identifying the new challenges confronting the independence of formerly colonised states, and to renewing his political project in the present. These questions are explored in the context of the twenty-first century English-speaking Caribbean.</p> Tennyson S. D. Joseph Maziki Thame Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 35 45 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2.4 Women and 'the Other Room': Emancipating the Society. <p>Pan-Africanism is an ideology which emphasizes the brotherhood of the black people wherever they are. Its advancement is everyone’s affair whether male or female, within Africa and the Diaspora. Pan-Africanism has moved from the level of black liberation and struggle for political power to social, economic, and political emancipation, which has positively ignited the desire in some African women to actualize ‘self’ and contribute to nation building in spite of being confined to “the other room”. The premise of the “other room” was ignited by a statement made by the President of Nigeria, President Muhammadu Buhari that: “... but she [his wife] belongs to my kitchen and my living room and the other room”. This paper sets out to lay bare the principles and relationship of Pan-Africanism and Womanism. The paper further advocates that women in spite of being suppressed are bursting forth; challenging patriarchal roles, which most times impede their growth and development in the society. The paper concludes that women’s emancipation, gender equality and women’s empowerment are at the heart of the question of humanity itself and are thus universal in character and asserting their place in the global community is fundamental.</p> Ruth Epochi-Olise Peter Monye Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 46 62 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2.5 The All African People’s Congress (AAPC) called by Kwame Nkrumah -- and George Padmore <p>George Padmore and Kwame Nkrumah began to work together in London in 1945. Their relationships continued when Nkrumah returned home. As the few released MI5 files reveal, Nkrumah discussed his aims, his policies, his plans with Padmore. This commentary gives an outline of Padmore’s life and activism. At Nkrumah’s request, Padmore was involved with the organising of the Congress of Independent African States, and then with the All-African Peoples Conference. This second conference was to be a conference of people, not presidents/prime ministers. Held in Accra in December 1958, it was attended by hundreds of people, and must have been much more reliant on Padmore, as he had been in contact the political activists around the world for many years. Sadly, Padmore’s contribution to these conferences, and much else, have not been recognised. Is this partly because we don’t really know enough? The British government has released very few files on him and not all have been preserved in Ghana.</p> Marika Sherwood Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 63 68 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2. In Conversation With Prof. Horace Campbell <p>CJAS speaks with Prof. Campbell</p> Horace Campbell Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 69 74 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2. From the Editorial Team (vol. 8.2) <p>Editor-in-Chief, Prof. Akosua Adomako Ampofo introduces the second volume for 2021</p> Akosua Adomako Ampofo Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 iv v 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2. A Sociological Perspective on Pidgin's Viability and Usefulness for Development in West Africa <p>This essay examines the viability and usefulness of pidgin for development in West Africa. Pidgin in West Africa has endured as a unifying medium of communication among people who do not share a common language. It has been lauded as a neutral language that facilitates trade, commerce, and everyday dealings among people of all walks of life. Some have proposed supplanting English, which is the official language in most of the West African countries where the use of pidgin is prevalent, with either pidgin or some other indigenous language. Contrarians, however, consider pidgin to be a limiting factor, in that, it is a barrier to speaking, reading, and writing standard English, and thus impedes upward mobility. They argue that projecting pidgin or some other indigenous language may create some political backlash, and strife among the people. Using qualitative analysis, we examine this debate from a sociological perspective.<br><br></p> Victoria M. Time Daniel K. Pryce Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 1 12 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2.1 Verbal interjections and the making of Awillo Mike as a social representation of “lived lives and storied lives” in live music performance in Kenya <p>Live music performance takes a narrative form where experiences are narrated collectively by a “live band” both in song and performance. In such a performance, one band member often becomes a social representation of “good performance” for the audience. This paper seeks to contribute to this debate on “liveness” by exploring how “Awilo” Mike Otieno, one of the lead singers of Ja-Mnazi Africa Band in Eldoret-Kenya, uses verbal interjections — in between speech narrations during live music performance — to endear himself to the audience. This paper is based on data collected using unstructured interviews with “Awilo” Mike Otieno and purposively selected Band members for a period of six months. Augmentative data was obtained by participant observation and informal discussion with regular members of the audience. Based on Critical Discourse Analysis, the paper argues that verbal interjections in live music performance are not mere discourses. Instead, they are sites and means for the musician to exercise his/her power over the audience. By exercising this power, the musician is able to shape, (re)define (re)negotiate and contest (pre)existing subjectivities among the audience, and that of the audience towards him/her due to their diverse social positions in society. This subsequently aligns their physical and emotional realities. In addition, verbal interjection enables the musician to create new meanings on the narrated experiences to that which the audience can identify and relate with in their everyday lives, despite both being decontextualized. The ability to create congruity using verbal interjections proves the effectiveness of an artiste's performance and accounts for his or her popular acceptance.<br><br></p> Eric Masese Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 13 24 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2.2 Collaboration between Chiefs and Local Government Actors in Combating Climate Change: Evidence from New Juaben, Ghana <p>Institutional barriers remain a constraint to efficient adaptation to climate change in many countries. Therefore, there is much to be desired regarding knowledge on the capacity and roles of local institutions in responding to climate change across sectors and locales. Drawing evidence from randomly selected chiefs and local government actors, and purposively selected officials of the Municipal Assembly, we examined how partnership between local government actors and informal institutions such as chieftaincy could enhance coordinated and integrated climate action and adaptation planning in local communities. All interviews were transcribed and analysed in themes generated from deductive codes. Participants demonstrated varied levels of knowledge on the causes and impacts of climate change. We observed the implementation of several unstructured climate change activities in local communities as actors of the two institutions individually and collaboratively implemented some adaptation and mitigation actions. We therefore conclude that when given the right attention, by addressing the problems which include financial allocation, low capacity of personnel, and the lack of coordination between units that confront the local institutions, informal institutions and local government actors, could spearhead lasting climate change adaptation and mitigation programmes, and produce equity and sustainability at the national level.<br><br></p> Kwabena Boateng Reuben Tete Larbi Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 25 41 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2.3 The Goof, the Bad and the Ugly: "Indecent" Language Use on Ghanaian Radio <p>Free speech and media freedoms were reinforced in Ghana with the repeal of the Criminal Libel Law in 2001. As a result, the citizen’s voice, which was hitherto muted, has grown louder as Ghanaians feel emboldened to contribute to national discourse in the media (especially local language radio programmes) without fear of the Criminal Libel Law. However, concerns have been raised about indecent language which has become pervasive in the Ghanaian media. This study examined indecent language on radio in Ghana. The study adopted the quantitative approach and analysed content data gathered from selected Ghanaian radio stations from May, 2016 to September, 2016. This was the period just before the 2016 presidential and parliamentary elections in Ghana. The study revealed six types of indecent language on Ghanaian radio and noted that insults and offensive comments ranked the highest, while expressions promoting divisiveness ranked lowest.&nbsp;</p> Margaret Ivy Amoakohene Jemima Asabea Anderson Jemima Opare-Henaku Copyright (c) 2022 Contemporary Journal of African Studies 2022-02-15 2022-02-15 8 1 & 2 42 60 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2.4 The policy or the person? A corpus-based functional analysis of manifestos of two political parties in Ghana <p>Containing the set of policies that political parties stand for and wish to implement if they are elected to govern a country, manifestos are a campaign tool used by political parties to persuade the citizenry to vote in a certain direction. This paper uses corpus-linguistic methods to investigate the key concepts in the manifestos of two Ghanaian political parties, namely: the New Patriotic Party (NPP) and the National democratic Congress (NDC). The objective is to examine the strategies and the focus of the manifestos of the two parties. The analysis reveals that while the NPP target both policy and the personalities of their opponent candidates, the NDC appear to focus mainly on policy. The paper concludes that, be it a focus on policy or personality, contextual relevance is the key. Thus, the paper proposes a relevance model of political campaign discourse. The paper has implications for political discourse, political campaigning and political communication.</p> Kwabena Sarfo Sarfo-Kantankah Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 61 79 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2.5 Knowing Women: Same-Sex Intimacy, Gender, and Identity in Postcolonial Ghana. <p>Review of <em>Knowing Women: Same-Sex Intimacy, Gender, and Identity in Postcolonial Ghana</em>, by Serena Owusua Dankwa</p> Anima Adjepong Copyright (c) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 8 1 & 2 80 81 10.4314/contjas.v8i1 & 2.