Critical Studies in Teaching and Learning https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal <p><em>Critical Studies in Teaching and Learning</em> is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes scholarly articles and essays that make marked contributions to the scholarship of teaching and learning in higher education. The Journal aims to provide a stimulating and challenging forum for contributors to describe, theorise and reflect on their teaching and learning practice, and is particularly interested in contributions that have relevance to the South African educational context.</p> <p>Contributions that are critical, well-researched and come at relevant problems and issues from theoretical, practice-based or analytical angles are welcomed, as well as contributions that focus on innovative and reflective approaches to teaching and learning.&nbsp;</p> <p>All submissions must have a clear issue or problem that is addressing, and must make reference to the relevant literature. Where applicable methodology, results and evaluation of findings must be clearly discussed and related to the wider field or literature. Submissions relating local studies should make clear the applicability to a wider context and readership.</p> <p>Other websites associated with this journal:&nbsp;<a title="http://cristal.ac.za/index.php/cristal" href="http://cristal.ac.za/index.php/cristal" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://cristal.ac.za/index.php/cristal</a></p> en-US <p>All content is managed by a Creative Commons license 3.0 which allows readers to:</p><ul><li>Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format</li><li>Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.</li><li>The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.</li></ul><p>Under the following terms:</p><ul><li>Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.</li></ul> vbozalek@uwc.ac.za (Prof. Vivienne Bozalek) cristaljournal@gmail.com (Dr. Sherran Clarence) Mon, 02 Aug 2021 10:55:28 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Editorial https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211623 <p>No Abstract.</p> Carol A. Taylor Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211623 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Sewing friendship: Increasing inclusivity through creating shared social spaces for migrant and local populations in Durban https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211624 <p>Most women in South Africa are heavily burdened by unemployment, poverty, and inequality. However, African immigrant women in South Africa are faced with additional challenges such as xenophobic discrimination, economic and social exclusion, and poor integration of migrants in workspaces occupied by locals. This study took advantage of the growing demand for higher education to embrace engaged scholarship to embark on an engagement process that facilitated transformational learning by enabling experience sharing among a diverse group of local and foreign women from Thusa Batho Sewing for Africa, a community sewing project located in Durban. Results for this study, which was designed as a participatory action research, reveal the university’s agency in nurturing associational enterprises that facilitate social change. Further, results show that inclusive, shared social spaces can be used as resources to facilitate both individual and group change through initiating shared problem identification and solving processes that can have a long-term impact on the community.</p> Innocent Tinashe Mutero, Khaya Jean Mchunu, Ivan Gunass Govender Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211624 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Promises and pitfalls of feminist pedagogy: A case of the University of the Witwatersrand https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211626 <p>The #RhodesMustFall movement highlighted the demand for critical pedagogy in the South African academy and feminist lecture halls have since been among the spaces that have offered this alternative. This article documents the findings of a study that sought to&nbsp; investigate the journey and experiences of second-year students taking Feminist Theory at the University of the Witwatersrand. Based on the findings, I argue that while feminist pedagogy has made great strides at creating and fostering learning environments that are safe,&nbsp; de-hierarchised, and dialogical, it has also overlooked the extent to which, in some respects, it falls short on delivering on its liberatory promise. I highlight how questions around the demands for de-hierarchized classrooms, ‘safe spaces, and politics of ‘bodies that belong’ compromise its liberatory potential. Failing to recognise and remedy these shortcomings, I argue that feminist pedagogy suffers from what I have termed Reverse Theoretical Dysmorphia. </p> Palesa Nqambaza Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211626 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The phenomenology of colonialism: Exploring perspectives of social work graduates in the African universi https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211629 <p>This article unpacks African students’ understanding of colonialism in higher education through the narratives of social work graduates who attended a university located in KwaZulu-Natal. The research study is inspired by the 2015/2016 #RhodesMustFall and #FeesMustFall movements, which suggested a need to explore students’ views regarding colonialism in higher education. The data was collected through group interviews with twenty-two graduates. Framed within the Afrocentric theoretical framework and the phenomenology paradigm, the article explores the concept of colonialism in higher education and beyond. Participants’ thinking on colonialism in higher education and beyond was not homogenous and some key themes emerged. Participants described colonialism in higher education as a product of the past where white supremacy and European domination served to oppress and alienate Africans from their identities and the university space. They also saw universities as spaces where Eurocentric indoctrination occurred, supported by the misrepresentation and marginalisation of Africans, which led to further isolation of African identities of self.</p> Thembelihle Brenda Makhanya Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211629 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Decoloniality of <i>being</i> Political Studies/Science: Legitimising a(nother) way of <i>being</i> https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211633 <p>In contributing further to the general debate on decolonising Higher Education in South Africa, this article grapples with the question of being for Political Studies/Science. Specifically, the article engages with the question of how might departments of Political Studies/Science begin to imagine and engage the kind of complex decolonised curriculum that pays attention to the relevant structural and sociocultural contexts of South Africa without resorting merely to the additive approach or nominalist model of curriculum transformation as sufficient. In response, the article argues that the notion of being (Barnett, 2009) for our curriculum transformation as Political Science/Studies should be of central concern in our decolonisation process. In developing this argument, the article puts forth a theoretical model drawn from an interdisciplinary understanding of what constitutes transformative/decolonised disciplinary legitimation codes (being decolonised), that should be intentionally brought into Political Science/Studies through the language of decolonisation.</p> Siphiwe I. Dube Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211633 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Using agential morphogenesis to track professional identity development in higher education https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211636 <p>Professional identity development (PID) is a growing focus for higher education researchers interested in graduate employability and workplace readiness. This raises the challenge of how to trace students’ identity shifts. This paper shows how Margaret Archer’s agential morphogenesis can be used to generate understandings of how students’ identities change during professional degree programmes. Archer’s theories of double and triple morphogenesis are applied to data collected through interviews and documentary research. The findings are presented as narratives about two final-year electrical engineering students who participated in employability-development focussed courses at a South African university. These narratives offer in-depth descriptions of the students’ identity shifts as they neared completion of their studies. The richness of the findings, which incorporate the constraints and enablements of the students’ professional identity development, leads to the paper’s argument that agential morphogenesis is a productive analytical tool for researchers wanting to better understand PID in higher education.</p> Gabrielle Nudelman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211636 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Toward an inclusive evidence-based practice model: Embracing a broader conception of professional knowledge in health care and health care higher education https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211639 <p>Evidence-based practice (EBP) and the evidence-based practice model (EBPM) are currently taken for granted as a guide for teaching and&nbsp; learning ‘best practice’ in higher education health care programs. As health care educators and researchers, we argue for enhancement of the model by inclusion of a broader conception of professional knowledge, including ethical care. In this conceptual paper, we draw on hermeneutic inquiry to reflect on theoretical underpinnings informing earlier discussions of EBP and the EBPM. Also, we enhance our&nbsp; critical thinking by turning to Aristotle. Taken together our reflections bring to the fore an awareness of conflicting logics embedded in the EBPM. We contend that an Aristotelian understanding, however, allows professional knowledge to be reinvigorated by bolstering&nbsp; possibilities for pluralistic conceptions of knowledge. In conclusion, we propose an elaborated EBPM termed the inclusive EBPM. The model includes ethical care as a to guide to teaching and learning of ‘best practice’.&nbsp; </p> Tone Dahl-Michelsen, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Karen Synne Groven Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211639 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Data-Driven Predictions of Academic Success among College Students in Saudi Arabia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211641 <p>Predictors of college performance are markers of learners' characteristics that can be used to optimize admission, advising, counseling, and instruction. The present study focused on female and male graduates of a Saudi Arabian university that follows a USA general education curriculum. Saudi Arabia exemplifies a society in transition from a rigid patriarchal system to one that is more gender equitable. The study investigated the extent to which gender, high-school Grade Point Average (hs-GPA), and the GAT (equivalent to the SAT I) can predict GPA at graduation, as well as verbal, analytical, and quantitative competencies of graduates in Business, Engineering, and Law. In our study, females outperformed males on most measures except on the GAT. Gender differences in the choice of major were also found. For all, hs-GPA and GAT were poor predictors of academic success. Alternative measures were proposed along with the use of a data-driven approach for predicting students' performance at a given institution.</p> Omar J. El-Moussa, Runna Alghazo, Maura A.E. Pilotti, Maura A.E. Pilotti Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211641 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Book Review https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211642 <p>Crimmins, G., ed., 2020. Strategies for Supporting Inclusion and Diversity in The Academy: Higher Education, Aspiration and Inequality. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan</p> <p>Reviewed by: Gihan Ismail, University of Bath, UK</p> G. Crimmins Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211642 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Book Review https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211645 <p>Quinn, L. (ed.) 2019. Re-imagining Curriculum: Spaces for Disruption. Cape Town: Sun Media</p> <p>Reviewed by Sioux McKenna, Rhodes University</p> L. Quinn Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211645 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Book Review https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211648 <p>Ashwin, P. 2020. Transforming University Education: A Manifesto. London: Bloomsbury.</p> <p>Reviewed by James Garraway, Cape Peninsula University of Technology</p> P. Ashwin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211648 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Book Review https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211649 <p>Brown, N. &amp; Leigh, J. (eds.) 2020. Ableism in Academia. Theorising experiences of disabilities and chronic illnesses in higher education. London: UCL Press.</p> <p>Reviewed by, Salley-Jayne Hewlett, University of Bath</p> N. Brown, J. Leigh Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/cristal/article/view/211649 Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000