The Influence of Household Size on Growth Pattern of Children Aged 5-12 Years from Kazaure Emirate, Jigawa State, Nigeria

  • A. Gudaji
  • B. Danborno
Keywords: Age, Household-size, Growth, Kazaure emirate, Nigeria

Abstract

Anthropometry is the measurement of different parts of the body and is an indicator of nutritional and health status. Socio-economic variables such as income, education, birth order, family size, and urbanization are associated with the physical development of children. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of house-hold (family) size on the growth pattern of children aged 5-12 years from Kazaure emirate, Jigawa State, Nigeria. A stadiometer was used to measure height to the nearest 0.1 cm and weight to the nearest 0.5 kg. A non-elastic measuring tape was used for the measurement of head, neck, chest, mid upper arm, hip, waist and calf circumferences to the nearest 0.1cm respectively. A Harpenden skin fold caliper was used for the measurement of biceps and triceps skin fold thicknesses to the nearest 0.1 mm respectively. It was a cross-sectional survey comprising of 863 pupils of Hausa ethnic group randomly selected from public primary schools in Kazaure emirate aged 5 - 12years. Males of household size between1-2, had higher values of HT, WT and body circumferences than females except hip circumference with statistical significant difference p<0.05 while females had higher values of biceps and triceps skinfold thicknesses with statistical difference p<0.05. Males of household size >2, had higher values of HT, WT, BMI and body circumferences than females with statistical difference (p<0.05) while females had higher values of skinfold thickness and HC with statistical difference (p=0.01). Males of household size 1-2, had higher values of cephalofacial dimensions than females with statistical difference (p<0.05) while females had higher values of nasal height and cephalic index than males with statistical difference p<0.05. Males of household size >2, had higher values of cephalofacial dimensions than females with statistical difference p<0.05 while females had higher values of NH and FI with statistical difference p<0.05. Males of household size 1-2 and >2, had higher values of upper and lower limbs dimensions than females with statistical difference p<0.05. In conclusion, it was observed that males grew better than females and, children from small family size had better growth than those from large family size.

Keywords: Age, Household-size, Growth, Kazaure emirate, Nigeria

Published
2022-01-03
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2635-3490
print ISSN: 2476-8316