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Iron Deficiency In Frequent And First Time Female Blood Donors
Back ground: Blood donation has a marked influence on the body iron stores especially in female blood donors . Iron deficiency anaemia is an important limiting factor for the number of donations in female regular blood donors. Aim of the study: This study was conducted to evaluate the frequency of iron deficiency and relevant factors in frequent and first time female blood donors at Casablanca blood transfusion centre, Morocco.
Methods: Between November 2005 and April 2006, twenty-one female first time and twenty-one frequent female blood donors were selected randomly. In frequent blood donors, only females with at least 10 donations were included. Haemoglobin concentration,
serum ferritin, serum iron and total transferrine binding capacity were measured and analysed. Results: The results of haemoglobin concentration, serum ferritin, serum iron were significant lower in frequent female blood donors when compared with the results of same parameters in first time female blood donors. The results show that the frequency of iron deficiency in frequent female blood donors is 43% and in the first time female blood donors is 14%. Conclusion: Iron deficiency is very common in regular female blood donors at Casablanca's transfusion centre. Frequent blood donation has marked influence on the body iron stores in frequent female blood donors. It is therefore recommended that blood
transfusion centres focused on maintaining iron balance by measuring serum ferritin and total transferrine binding capacity in frequent female blood donors .They have also to educate the donors about iron supplementation and yearly ferritin checking.
East African Journal of Public Health Vol. 5 (3) 2008: pp. 157-159