Socio-Demographic Factors in Under Five Children with Acute Diarrhoea in a Tertiary Health Institution in Nigeria
AbstractObjective: To determine the socio-demographic factors in under five children with acute diarrhoea.
Design: A prospective cross-sectional study.
Setting: Children’s Emergency Room and Children’s Outpatient Clinic of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.
Subjects: One hundred and seventy-four children below five years of age.
Results: Between June 2005 and May 2006, one hundred and seventy-four children aged below five years with diarrhoea were recruited for the study. They were examined. Their socio-demographic factors such as age, sex, breastfeeding status, parents’ occupation/education, were obtained. The following variables did not significantly affect the prevalence of diarrhoea: age (p>0.05), sex (p=0.233), breastfeeding (p=0.590), nutritional status (p=0.060), and socio-economic status (p=0.955).
Conclusion: Socio-demographic factors did not appear to influence the prevalence of acute diarrhoea among under five children in Enugu, Nigeria.