Perinatal mortality in a rural community
Objective: To determine the peri-natal mortality rate (PMR), still birth rate (SBR) and early neonatal death rate (ENDR) in Igueben Local Government Area (LGA) of Edo State.
Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study
Setting: Igueben LGA is a rural governmental unit in mid-western Nigeria.
Subjects: All women of child-bearing age, resident in three randomly selected political wards in Igueben LGA were identified.
Results: Of the 921 women of child-bearing age recruited, 258 deliveries with three perinatal deaths were recorded, giving a PMR, SBR and ENDR of 11.6/1000TB, 11.6/1000TB and 0/1000LB, respectively. Almost all the mothers studied (99.6%) received skilled obstetric care in delivery.
Conclusion: The actual PMR, SBR and ENDR were considerably lower than the National estimated averages of 76/1000TB, 43/1000TB and 35/1000LB, respectively. While this may perhaps be related to the quality of obstetric care, it underscores the importance of community-based studies in the determination of vital statistics which are important in health planning including resource allocation.