Heterotopic pregnancy in an assisted reproduction conception; case report and literature review

  • J. Wanyoike-Gichuhi
  • D.K. Ondieki
  • R. B. Parkar
  • S. Ndegwa


Infertility management by assisted reproduction techniques has had rapid increase. While there is robust evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of assisted reproduction technique (ART), complications are encountered. Heterotopic pregnancy, defined as the presence of both an intrauterine and an ectopic gestation, is a rare eventuality of early pregnancy. A 42 years old patient (Para 0+1) with a diagnosis of secondary infertility is presented; she had In Vitro fertilization (IVF) with egg donation. Two weeks after the IVF, a positive serum Beta Human Chorionic Gonadotropin confirmed the pregnancy and she continued with intake of progestins for luteal phase support. At 7 weeks gestation she presented at a local hospital with acute pelvic pain. A diagnosis of heterotopic pregnancy was made after transvaginal showed right slow leaking ectopic pregnancy andintrauterine missed abortion. Laparoscopic surgery, right salpingectomy and manual vacuum aspiration were performed with good subsequent recovery. The case presented, discusses the aetiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of heterotopic pregnancy.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 0012-835X