Study on the correlation of prevalence of ocular disease to psoriasis and other concomitant diseases in patients with psoriasis in Saudi Arabia
Objective: Ocular diseases are chronic type associated with multiple factors. This research investigates correlation of prevalence of ocular disease to different demographic variables, medical history and psoriasis as well as other concomitant diseases in patients with psoriasis.
Design: A survey-based study was conducted.
Setting: The research was conducted among patients with ocular diseases in a hospital of Saudi Arabia.
Participants: The study was approached to be conducted among 120 patients with psoriasis and age≥ 18 years. 101 patients admitted to participate.
Intervention: Questionnaire was prepared to get information from patients. Observations of Ophthalmologists and dermatologists were recorded. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS version 22) was used for data entry and analysis. Odd ratios and Chi-square test were used to analyze the correlations.
Results: Our study has found significant correlation of prevalence of diabetes mellitus and ocular complication and significant correlation of prevalence of diabetes mellitus and cataract. We also observed significant correlation between the prevalence of hypoparathyroidism and ocular complication and significant correlation between the prevalence of having hypoparathyroidism and cataract. Having dyslipidemia and ocular complication was found to be significantly correlated. Our study found association between presence of cataract and topical steroid use. Our findings have focused on the treatment modalities commonly used in Saudi Arabia.
Conclusion: Our research findings indicate that proper management of the correlated diseases can prevent the occurrence and severity of ocular diseases.