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East African Medical Journal

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Two-year survival of glass ionomer sealants placed as part of proximal atraumatic restorative treatment restorations

AM Kemoli, GN Opinya, WE Van Amerongen

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate after two years, the survival rate of glass ionomer cement (GIC) sealants placed in primary molars of six to eight year-olds and as part of proximal atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) restoration.
Design: A longitudinal clinical study.
Setting: Matungulu/Kangundo rural divisions, Machakos district, Kenya.
Subject: A total of 804 six to eight year-olds from rural Kenya received a sealant as part of a proximal restoration placed in a primary molar using the atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) approach.
Results: The two-year cumulative survival of the sealants was 10.9%, and the survival of the sealants was not significantly affected by the GIC material brand and the toothisolation method used. However, slightly more sealants survived when Fuji IX and rubber dam tooth- isolation method were used.
Conclusion: The two-year survival rate of the sealants was poor and was not significantly influenced by the GIC material or the tooth-isolation method used.



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