Predictors for compliance with community directed ivermectin treatment in Bushenyi district of Uganda: qualitative results

  • F Nuwaha Elizabeth Glaser Paediatric AIDS Foundation, P.O. Box 6924, Kampala, Uganda
  • J Okware Institute of Public Health, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
  • R Ndyomugyenyi Onchocerciasis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Vector Control Division, P.O. Box 1661, Kampala, Uganda


Objective: To understand and elicit the factors influencing compliance with mass treatment with ivermectin for onchocerciasis control with a view of suggesting remedial measures.

Design: Qualitative methods using focus group discussion and individual key informant interviews.

Setting: Bushenyi district, Uganda.

Participants: Fifty key informants who were local council chairpersons and community directed drug distributors (CDDs) for ivermectin. Five focus group discussions with community members.

Main outcome measures: Explored knowledge about onchocerciasis and its treatment, consequences, benefits and perceived dangers of treatment with ivermectin. In addition the FGDs elicited information regarding social influence towards ivermectin treatment and who the source of social influences are. Perceived barriers and supports towards ivermectin treatment were also explored. The key informant interviews mainly elicited the problems they face in ivermectin distribution and their suggestions for improvement.

Results: Factors that could possibly influence mass treatment with ivermectin that were elicited include consequences of treatment, programme organization, charging for ivermectin distribution and programme/community support to the ivermectin drug distributors.

Conclusions: These results are helpful in redirecting community education and in helping to design further quantitative research.

East African Medical Journal Vol. 81 No. 2 February 2004: 92-96

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 0012-835X