East African Medical Journal

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Predictors of mortality in HIV-1 exposed uninfected post-neonatal infants at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi

C Gichuhi, E Obimbo, D Mbori-Ngacha, A Mwatha, P Otieno, C Farquhar, G Wariua, D Wamalwa, R Bosire, G John-Stewart


Objectives: To identify potential predictors of mortality, to determine mortality rate and to identify prevalent causes of death in a cohort of HIV-l exposed uninfected infants.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Subjects: Three hundred and fifty one HIV-l exposed uninfected post-neonatal infants who survived to one year of age.

Results: Sixteen infants died (post-neonatal mortality rate of 47/l000 live births), 14 (88%) before six months of age. The most frequently identified medical conditions at death included bronchopneumonia, diarrhoea and failure to thrive. In multivariate analysis, prematurity (RR=10.5, 95%CI 3.8-29.1, p<0.001), teenage motherhood (RR=3.6, Cl 1.0- 13.2, p=0.05) and symptomatic maternal HIV-l disease (RR=2.7, CI 0.9-7.7, p=0.06) were associated with infant mortality.

Conclusion: Prematurity, teenage motherhood and symptomatic HIV-l maternal disease were important predictors for post-neonatal mortality in this cohort of HIV-l exposed uninfected infants. These factors should be considered in monitoring and follow up in prevention of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission (PMTCT) programs.

East African Medical Journal Vol. 82(9) 2005: 447-451
AJOL African Journals Online