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East and Central African Journal of Surgery

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Outcome of the Treatment of Gunshot Open Fractures of the Lower Extremities with ‘SIGN’ Interlocking Nails

AA Olasinde, JD Ogunlusi, IC Ikem

Abstract


Background: Gunshot injuries are gradually on the increase in civilian populations in developing countries due to increasing violence in our society. The treatment of fractures from these injuries is changing with the use of locked intramedullary nailing becoming an acceptable and effective method of fixation. Surgical Implant Generation Network interlocking nails are gaining universal acceptability in these countries due to ease of use without the need for image intensifier. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of the use ‘SIGN’ interlocking nailing in gunshot open fractures of the lower limbs.
Methods: This is a prospective study of all patients in three tertiary centres in developing countries who had gunshot fractures of lower limbs fixed with SIGN nails from 1st January to 31st December 2009 and followed up for a period of 2 years.
Results: Twenty eight patients with 31 fractures with average age of 32.5years±12.6SD. All the patients were males except one female. Fractures occurred in femur in 20(71.4%) and tibia in 11(29.6%) SIGN nail was used to fix all fractures and union was achieved in all the patients. The most common complication was wound in infection in 5 (15.2%).
Conclusion: SIGN intramedullary locked nail provided an effective method of fixation for gunshot fractures of the lower extremity with minimal complication.



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