English in Africa https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia <p><!-- [if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:PunctuationKerning ></w:PunctuationKerning> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas ></w:ValidateAgainstSchemas> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables ></w:BreakWrappedTables> <w:SnapToGridInCell ></w:SnapToGridInCell> <w:WrapTextWithPunct ></w:WrapTextWithPunct> <w:UseAsianBreakRules ></w:UseAsianBreakRules> <w:DontGrowAutofit ></w:DontGrowAutofit> </w:Compatibility> <w:BrowserLevel>MicrosoftInternetExplorer4</w:BrowserLevel> </w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--><!-- [if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" LatentStyleCount="156"> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--><!-- [if !mso]><object classid="clsid:38481807-CA0E-42D2-BF39-B33AF135CC4D" id=ieooui></object> <mce:style><! st1\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } --> <!--[endif]--> <!-- /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin:0cm; margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;} @page Section1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt; margin:72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin:36.0pt; mso-footer-margin:36.0pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> <!-- [if gte mso 10]> <mce:style><! /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} --> <!--[endif]--><!-- [if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:PunctuationKerning ></w:PunctuationKerning> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas ></w:ValidateAgainstSchemas> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables ></w:BreakWrappedTables> <w:SnapToGridInCell ></w:SnapToGridInCell> <w:WrapTextWithPunct ></w:WrapTextWithPunct> <w:UseAsianBreakRules ></w:UseAsianBreakRules> <w:DontGrowAutofit ></w:DontGrowAutofit> </w:Compatibility> <w:BrowserLevel>MicrosoftInternetExplorer4</w:BrowserLevel> </w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--><!-- [if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" LatentStyleCount="156"> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--><!-- [if !mso]><object classid="clsid:38481807-CA0E-42D2-BF39-B33AF135CC4D" id=ieooui></object> <mce:style><! st1\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } --> <!--[endif] --> <!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:Calibri; panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610611985 1073750139 0 0 159 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin-top:0cm; margin-right:0cm; margin-bottom:10.0pt; margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} @page Section1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt; margin:72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin:36.0pt; mso-footer-margin:36.0pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> <!-- [if gte mso 10]> <mce:style><! /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} --> <!--[endif] --></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal;"><em><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial;">English in Africa </span></em><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial;">was founded in 1974 to provide a forum for the study of African literature and English as a language of Africa. The Editor invites contributions, including unsolicited reviews, on all aspects of English writing and the English language in Africa, including oral traditions. <em>English in Africa </em>is listed in the <em>Journal of Commonwealth Literature </em>Annual Bibliography, the Modern Language Association <em>MLA International Bibliography</em>, Institute for Scientific Information <em>Arts and Humanities Citation Index</em>, and accredited by the South African Department of Education.</span><span style="font-size: 10pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial;">The journal has its own website at </span><span style="font-size: 10pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 3pt 0cm; line-height: normal;"><a title="http://www.ru.ac.za/isea/publications/journals/englishinafrica/" href="http://www.ru.ac.za/isea/publications/journals/englishinafrica/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.ru.ac.za/isea/publications/journals/englishinafrica/</a></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 3pt 0cm; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial;">It is also indexed on EBSCO, by Gale</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial;">Publishing and by SABINET Online. EiA is archived by JSTOR and SABINET Gateway</span></p> en-US <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables /> <w:SnapToGridInCell /> <w:WrapTextWithPunct /> <w:UseAsianBreakRules /> <w:DontGrowAutofit /> </w:Compatibility> <w:BrowserLevel>MicrosoftInternetExplorer4</w:BrowserLevel> </w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" LatentStyleCount="156"> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--> <!-- /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin:0cm; margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;} @page Section1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt; margin:72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin:36.0pt; mso-footer-margin:36.0pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> <!--[if gte mso 10]> <style> /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} </style> <![endif]--><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Arial;" lang="EN-GB">Copyright is vested in the authors.</span> englishinafrica@ru.ac.za (David Attwell, Matthew Shum and Tony Voss) c.leff@ru.ac.za (Carol Leff (Publications Manager)) Fri, 24 Nov 2023 08:30:02 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.11 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Review https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259827 <p>No Abstract</p> Andrea Thorpe Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259827 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 South Africa-sur-Nemunas1 : Transnational Hinterlands in Dan Jacobson’s Heshel’s Kingdom https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259806 <p>The paper investigates the representation of Central Europe and its hinterlands in selected works by 20th-century South&nbsp; African writers. It pays special attention&nbsp; to Dan Jacobson’s Heshel’s Kingdom about Jacobson’s travel to Lithuania in&nbsp; search of the writer’s “middle-European” patrimony. Drawing on previously&nbsp; unpublished archival records, the study&nbsp; argues that Jacobson’s book merges&nbsp; Central European hinterlands (their histories, identities, landscapes) with South&nbsp; African ones in a radical act of re-mapping both areas. The paper also insists&nbsp; on recognising a distinctive mode of&nbsp; conflating Central Europe and South Africa. This hinternational poetics annuls the existing imperial cartography&nbsp; and&nbsp; builds transnational connections between different hinterlands and&nbsp; their pasts. Additionally, the article demonstrates&nbsp; how the need to “unlearn”&nbsp; imperial history allows for a geographic/spatial overlap between the “heart&nbsp; of the country”&nbsp; and the “core of Europe,” as well as creation of a network of&nbsp; transnational solidarity and implication across nations and&nbsp; ethnicities.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Robert Kusek Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259806 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 “Doing very well in South Africa”: Fiona Melrose, Karel Schoeman, and the Intertextual Afterlives of Woolf ’s https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259807 <p>This essay examines two South African responses to Virginia Woolf’s Mrs Dalloway (1925): Fiona Melrose’s&nbsp; Johannesburg (2017), and Karel&nbsp; Schoeman’s Die noorderlig (published in Afrikaans in 1975). Melrose’s novel&nbsp; patterns&nbsp; character and plot directly on Woolf’s with allusions to her biography&nbsp; and to other reworkings of the text. Schoeman’s&nbsp; performs a less obvious&nbsp; homage to Mrs Dalloway in its exploration of the tensions between politics&nbsp; and poetics and&nbsp; formal engagement with the demands of experimentation&nbsp; and realism. The essay assesses these different modes of&nbsp; response, points&nbsp; to Woolf’s influence beyond the anglophone literary world, and positions Schoeman’s work (in&nbsp; particular) as deserving greater attention from those&nbsp; speaking –and writing about–English (and its inheritances) in&nbsp; South Africa.&nbsp;</p> Andrew van der Vlies Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259807 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Some Early Soyinka Letters https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259810 <p>Among the papers of James Simmons held at the Rose Library of Emory&nbsp; University are nine letters he received from&nbsp; Wole Soyinka as well as one&nbsp; from Soyinka’s British partner, Barbara Dixon, both of whom had been his&nbsp; classmates at&nbsp; Leeds University in the mid-1950s. The letters cover Soyinka’s&nbsp; activities from July 29, 1958, a year after he had graduated&nbsp; from Leeds, until&nbsp; January 13, 1960, just after he returned to Nigeria. During this period Soyinka&nbsp; had worked&nbsp; as a broadcaster for the BBC, been a play reader for the Royal&nbsp; Court Theatre, and a teacher in London schools. He also&nbsp; travelled to Paris&nbsp; seeking employment as a singer. Much of this time he and Barbara were under&nbsp; financial pressure,&nbsp; and their relationship eventually broke up a year after their child had been born. These letters and others like them from&nbsp; later years in his&nbsp; life yield vital information for Soyinka’s future biographers.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Bernth Lindfors Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259810 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Flown Away: Eva Bezwoda’s Life, Death and Poetry https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259813 <p>Eva Bezwoda was a prominent poet in the 1960s and 1970s, who contributed to several South African journals, as well as&nbsp; publishing One Hundred and&nbsp; Three Poems in 1973. Her death by suicide three years later seems congruent&nbsp; with the&nbsp; themes and preoccupations of her work, and was a loss to South&nbsp; Africa’s literary culture at the time. Despite critical&nbsp; attention to her work, after&nbsp; her death her legacy seems to have been forgotten, and her poetry neglected.&nbsp; In this&nbsp; article, I outline what is known of her biography, with a focus on her&nbsp; most productive years as a writer, and the&nbsp; development of her career in relation&nbsp; to recurrent motifs, prominent themes, and relevant details from her poems. I&nbsp; consider the critical reception of her work and engage with archival material,&nbsp; including correspondence from the year&nbsp; before her death with Ad Donker and&nbsp; personal responses to her death by Sheila Fugard and Lionel Abrahams.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Eva Kowalska Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259813 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Literary Byways in Duncan Brown’s Finding My Way: A Review Essay https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259818 <p>No Abstract</p> Dirk Klopper Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259818 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Obituary: Matthew Colin Noel Shum https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259832 <p>No Abstract</p> The Editors Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eia/article/view/259832 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000