Gender Difference in Research Productivity and its Associated factors in Addis Ababa University: a Cross-Sectional study

  • Meselech Roro
  • Workeabeba Abebe
  • Abigia Wondimagegnehu
  • Adiam Nega
  • Selamawit Girma
  • Yalemwork Getnet
  • Berhan Tassew
  • Mulumebet Zenebe
  • Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel
  • Seble Assefa
  • Hanna Demisse
  • Meron Awraris
  • Etsehiwot Tilahun
  • Bezawit Ketema
  • Mahlet Yigeremu
  • Selamawit Hirpa
  • Meaza Gezu
  • Nuhamin Tekle
  • Ansha Nega
  • Mitike Molla Sisay


Background: Gender equity movements have increased the number of women going to higher institutions. However, the number of women participating in research is limited in creating a critical mass.

Objective: To assess the gender gap in research and its associated factors determinants among faculty at Addis Ababa University.

Method: We conducted a cross-sectional study from October 2018 to March 2019 using a structured self-administered questionnaire. University faculty who was lecturers and above level who served the University for more than a year were invited to participate in the study. Faculty were approached by data collection facilitators with graduate degrees and the secretory of the respective departments. We used descriptive and multivariate statistical methods to analyse the data.

Result: Of the 888 study participants, 161 (18.1%) females faculty participated in the study. It was found that three hundred ninety-seven male academics (54.6%) and 50 female academics (31.1%) had ever published articles in peer-reviewed journals (p<0.001). Male faculty were more likely to publish in peer-reviewed journals than their female counterparts [AOR and (95% CI) [2.55 (1.68, 3.86)]. Faculty with a rank of assistant professors and above [AOR (95% CI) 3.47(2.31, 5.21)], those who have a Ph.D. as highest degree [AOR (95% CI) 2.98 (2.11, 4.19) and those who have affiliation with other institutions [AOR (95% CI) 2.59 (1.98, 3.56)], were more likely to publish in peer-reviewed journals than their counterparts.

Conclusion: Female faculty were less likely to be involved in research than men counterparts. The University needs to narrow the gender gap in research by designing and implementing an appropriate intervention strategy. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2021; 35(SI-2):15-21]
Keywords: Addis Ababa University, female faculty, gender difference, publication, research


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