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Analysis of the quality of the water and affectation on the health of the inhabitants of Guamachito, Colombia

Ingris Meléndrez Polo
Wilson Perea Ospino
Devinso Jiménez Sierra
Mario Lora Monsalve


Background: The study focuses on the evidence of the relationship between water quality and the health of populations. Colombia, a country with high levels of economic, social, and environmental vulnerability, does not have a population that has full access to drinking water. The study analyzes this relationship in Guamachito, Zona Bananera, Colombia.
Objective: Analyze the water quality and the effect on the health of the population of Guamachito, Zona Bananera, Colombia.
Method: Cross-sectional quantitative study, which was carried out in phases: First, an analysis of secondary data was carried out through a review of the web pages of the government institutions of public health in the region and the country; subsequently, a survey was applied to contrast the results of the documentary review to 450 inhabitants of Guamachito, Colombia, corresponding to members of a rural educational institution in the municipality, with 24 teachers and 426 students.
Results: The results suggest that the microbiological characteristics are above the reference limits, as well as poor procedures for collecting and cleaning water in the houses, likewise, high rates of water-borne diseases are identified.
Conclusion: It is inferred that there is an incidence of water quality on the health of the inhabitants of the Guamachito municipality.

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eISSN: 1021-6790