Case Report: Bilateral absence of fifth ray in feet, cleft palate, malformed ears, and corneal opacity in a patient with Miller syndrome
Background: Miller syndrome is one of the acrofacial dysostosis syndromes, which are characterized by malformations of the craniofacial region and limbs.
Case report: A 26 month old male child, the product of healthy nonconsanguineous parents has many typical features of Miller syndrome. He has cleft lip and palate, malar hypoplasia, left crumpled cup shaped ear, and prominent nose together with the absence of the fifth ray in feet (postaxial) and fixation of interphalangeal joints of both thumbs (preaxial). However the limb affection is bilateral and symmetrical against what is usually reported (bilateral with more affection of one side) and the micrognathia is very mild. Our patient has also bilateral corneal opacities as well as underdeveloped external genitals.
Conclusion: There is phenotypic variability in Miller syndrome, and our patient may represent a new distinct subgroup in postaxial acrofacial dysostosis.
Keywords: Miller syndrome; Gene´e–Weidemann syndrome; Postaxial acrofacial dysostosis syndrome; Corneal opacity