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Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics

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Association of proinflammatory cytokine IL-20 gene polymorphism with psoriasis in north Indian population

Aadil Wani, Bashir Ahmad Ganai, Tahseena Akhtar, Tarun Narang, Rajinder Kaur

Abstract


Background: IL-20 plays an important role in the inflammatory and hyperproliferative dermatosis of psoriasis.

Aim: The aim of the study was to determine whether the IL-20 gene  polymorphism, haplotype and serum level confer pathogenesis of psoriasis.

Subjects and methods: 200 psoriatic patients and 200 controls were  genotyped for four IL-20 polymorphic sites by polymerase chain reaction. Serum levels of IL-20 were measured by ELISA.

Results: Our results demonstrated that polymorphism of IL-120 1380 A/G (adjusted⁄ OR 5.52; (95% CI = 2.43–12.55) was found to be in association with increased risk of psoriasis while as IL-20–1462 G/A (adjusted⁄ OR = 0.11 95; (95% CI = 0.03–0.34) was found to be in association with  decreased risk of psoriasis and IL-20–1053 G/T adjusted⁄ OR 1.99; (95% CI = 0.86–4.64), IL-20–3978 T/C(adjusted⁄ OR = 12.87; (95% CI = 0.97–79.54) polymorphism does not show any significant association with the risk of psoriasis. HT4 TG haplotype is associated with decreased risk of psoriasis. Serum IL-20 level significantly increases in patients, as compared to controls with non-significant correlation between serum IL-20 and psoriasis severity.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that IL-20 polymorphism have  significant role towards the susceptibility of psoriasis in north Indian  population. Evaluating the role of IL-20 cytokine in pathogenesis of  psoriasis will prove helpful for the development of psoriasis management.

Keywords: Cytokine Polymorphism IL-20 ELISA Psoriasis




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