Profile of genetic disorders prevalent in northeast region of Cairo, Egypt
As clinical geneticists, we recently reviewed our 43 years experience in an attempt to represent the frequency of genetic disorders in the Division of Genetics at Pediatric Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt, during the period from 1966 to 2009. All patients (from birth up to 18 years) suspected of having a genetic disorder were referred to the Genetics Clinic in the same hospital. 28,689 Patients were proved to have genetic disorders after full investigations among 660,280 children attending the Pediatrics Hospital which constituted 4.35% or 43.5/1000. Neurologic disorders were the most common (31.38%) followed by hematologic disorders (18.48%), chromosomal abnormalities (11.51%), fetal, neonatal and infant deaths (6.56%), special senses (5.82%), inborn errors of metabolism (4.24%), endocrine disorders (3.87%), skeletal disorders (3.17%), genito-gonadal anomalies (3.10%), neuromuscular disorders (2.86%), syndromes (2.08%), genodermatoses (1.92%), cardiac disorders (1.47%), gastrointestinal tract anomalies (1.37%), renal anomalies (0.26%), connective tissue disorders (0.26%), respiratory defects (0.22%), vascular anomalies (0.21%), and immunologic disorders were the least common (0.19%).
Keywords: Genetic disorders; Congenital malformations; Inbreeding profile; Northeast region; Cairo; Egypt